Maslow Needs Theory
Maslow’s Needs Theory or Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs is known as a motivational psychological theory given by a well-reputed professional known as Abraham Maslow. The theory was first found in his book “A Theory of Human Motivation” in 1940-1950. Since its introduction, the theory has been constantly remaining the top niche regarding personal development, Human motivation, and management training.
Today, Maslow’s ideas and theories are termed as the most relevant strategies concerning employers to arrange a better working environment for employees in order to satisfy their unique organizational needs. Maslow put extraordinary efforts in order to develop management approaches that enable the analysis of basic human needs.
Maslow’s Needs Theory is the most famous theory of motivation, especially regarding psychology or human motivation. Experts term it as the bone theory of human needs that determines the classification of human needs, starting from the lowest to the highest.
Further, the theory concludes that when a set of specific and necessary needs is satisfied, then such kinds of satisfied needs create motivation. The following is a brief overview of the hierarchy of needs according to Maslow’s theory from the most basic to the highest ones.
Maslow’s Needs Theory Overview
These needs are the most necessary and important needs of every individual. Things like food, water, clothing, and shelter come under the category of physiological needs. Maslow argued that unless these needs of humans are not satisfied, then satisfying other needs will also not encourage or motivate them.
These needs refer to protection and other associated matters or simply the desire to remain secure, safe, and protected from all of the existing horrible threats. The best alternatives to resolve safety needs matters are retirement benefits and job continuity.
These types of needs require coordination with others in the organization or any specific unit. Belonging needs can be satisfied by arranging gatherings out of work through community relationships. In some cases, having a cup of tea together in the job area also satisfies the belonging needs of the employees.
Two desires can be satisfied by esteem needs easily, i.e. desire to possess a high moral positive self-image and to receive appreciation for the contributions. As per Maslow’s theory, once the belongings needs of an individual get satisfied, then the next thing they want to have is to get appreciation and enough attachment with the belongings that may result in improved self-confidence and productivity.
Maslow termed this need as to be at the highest level because every individual likes to use full potential and be in such a place where there is a free hand to use one’s entire capabilities and utilize one’s potential. In simple words, it is such a desire that tends to become exactly what an individual is capable of.
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Further, according to Maslow, these five needs together give form to a hierarchy. Every individual is motivated to satisfy the first ever need which is a physiological need. In case, the individual is unsatisfied, the primary purpose of the individual is to satisfy these needs. At the point when satisfaction of physiological needs is complete, the individual moves towards the satisfaction of safety needs.
Through these steps, the process of satisfying needs continues, and eventually, the individual reaches self-actualization needs. Modern research and studies have arisen a few questions in front of Maslow’s needs theory. Studies ask whether the hierarchy of needs applies to every individual or not.
Analysis of Maslow’s Needs Theory
Key points of Maslow’s needs theory, you need to remember as a student and learner while analyzing it.
- Mostly, five types of needs are not often available.
- There may be different hierarchies or orders of needs for different employees. Simply, the order of needs may not remain the same for employees of all levels.
- There is not any single word about cultural difference in the theory, whereas cultural difference matters a lot.
- When analyzing the theory on a significant country basis, the cultural differences can be found easily. For example, there are different needs of individuals across China that varies a lot from Maslow’s needs theory.
Real-Life Examples of Maslow Needs Theory
Human needs are growing daily, and these needs drive us to solve any obstacle that most of us face daily. To understand Maslow’s needs theory in a better way, a few of the examples are discussed below.
Family and Friends
Individuals wish for perfect family relationships and friendships. Individuals who do not have a strong family relationship, support from loved ones, or good friends may feel lonely, which will not help them meet their needs for love and belongingness. We need to maintain a healthy social life to prevent issues such as isolation, depression, and anxiety. In a hierarchy, it’s a part of “social belongings”.
When a student is motivated and valued, he or she is more likely to improve their academic performance than a less motivated student. An excellent academic result will increase her popularity in school and the community, boosting the student’s trust, appreciation, and esteem. In a hierarchy, it’s a part of “self-esteem.”
It’s not about making more money, having a lavish house, or having a large family; it’s about understanding who we are. When a person knows that he or she has reached their full potential, they are the happiest. It falls under the category of “self-actualization,” which refers to a person’s understanding of his or her core strengths. Everyone’s definition of “self-actualization” is different, and that doesn’t mean you have to be popular to achieve it.
Hello everyone! This is Richard Daniels, a full-time passionate researcher & blogger. He holds a Ph.D. degree in Economics. He loves to write about economics, e-commerce, and business-related topics for students to assist them in their studies. That's the sole purpose of Business Study Notes.
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