The employee union is referred to as an organized group of employees who collectively bargain to protect. Moreover, promote the mutual interests of the group members. The importance of employee union is clear from its influence on the policies of human resource management. When there is no union of employees in the organization. Then the HRM department develops and advises such policies that only depend on efficiency.
However when there is the presence of an employee union. Then the management must consider the preferences of the employees of the union while making policies for the organization. Therefore the employees of the union have the following preferences. Actually, that can stand in front of the preferences of the top management of the organization.
- Job security
- High Wages
- Freedom of showing dissatisfaction with the actions of the administration
- Participation in the development of rules of work can affect the jobs of the employees
Objectives of Employee Union
There are many objectives that are established by the union of employees in an organization. These objectives are as follows.
- The security and improvement of the economic status. Also living standards of the members of the union.
- Thus the security of the employees should be increased. And guaranteed from the contingencies and threats arising from certain factors. Such as management decisions, market fluctuations, and technological change.
- The influence of power relations impacts the social system in a favorable manner. Actually which do not result in a threat to the goals of the union.
- Efforts should be made to enhance the living standards of all employees of the organization. Whether they are members of a union or not.
- The application of caprice and arbitrary policies in the workplace is guarded through a specialized system or mechanism.
For the attainment of the above-mentioned objectives. So the union tries to increase its power and growth in a continuous way.
Growth of Employee Union
The growth of a union is essential for the accomplishment of its objectives. When the number of members in a union increases consistently, the effectiveness of the union enhances and it acquires the ability to achieve its objectives. So, union leaders should focus on the important aspect of attracting & retaining new potential employees that can enhance the strength of the union.
Power of Employee Union
The portion of external control that is exerted in an organization is referred to as power. The possibility of growth in the future and the size of membership determines the power of a union. When a union obtains enough power, it can then influence the organization in the favor of its stated objectives.
Factors Leading to Employee Union
Following are the four kinds of factors that are playing a basic role in employee unionization.
Working Environment – Employee Union
Mandatory overtime, poor working conditions, inadequate staffing
Compensation – Employee Union
Inequitable pay raises inadequate benefits and Non-competitive pay.
Management Style – Employee Union
Caprice’s decision-making of management, lack of recognition, use of fear
Organization Treatment – Employee Union
Unfair discipline & policies, harassment & abusive treatment, job insecurity, and not responsive to complaints.
Why Employee Union is Necessary?
There are a number of reasons that can make an employee join a union & these reasons change with the passage of time. These reasons may take the form of a need for a social outlet, Peer pressure, forced unionization, dissatisfaction with the management, the opportunity for leadership, etc.
The important issues of employees related to the wages, working conditions, and hours are presented to the management by the organized union. Following are the reasons that result in the unionization of employees.
Dissatisfaction with Management
The problems in the organization are identified by the union & then the emphasis on membership of the union is shown that can be helpful for solving such problems. When the employees in the organization are dissatisfied with the management, they prefer to join a union so that their problems would be effectively resolved.
When the wages or salaries in the organization are not satisfactory to the employees. They prefer to join the union so that their wages. Therefore the salaries should be enhanced through the power of organized unions that would ultimately enhance their living standards.
When there is an insecurity of job among employees in an organization, the employees try to join a union. Especially in certain industries like automobile, steel & rubber, employees tend to join a union so that their jobs are secured under the shelter of the union.
When the management makes capricious and arbitrary decisions that do not take into account the needs of the employees of the organization. Then the employees prefer to join unions because they consider that they cannot influence the job-related matter individually.
Employees possess some social needs & that needs are better satisfied through the social activities provided by the union like daycare services etc. All these social activities of the union develop a sense of solidarity among members.
Opportunity for Leadership
The union leaders are also promoted into managerial ranks like supervisors, therefore employees prefer to join a union.
Forced unionization is not prohibited & unethical in the organizations because the freedom of the employee is affected through it. But in certain Business Organizations, it is obligatory for a new employee to join a union otherwise his working life is affected. But it is illegal for an employee to join a union before starting his job in an organization. However, there is a certain law for workers that specifies that a new employee must join a union. After completion of a particular period of his job.
In certain cases, the peer group of an employee exerts pressure on him to join a union. So he is positively forced to join the union in the organization.
Hello everyone! This is Richard Daniels, a full-time passionate researcher & blogger. He holds a Ph.D. degree in Economics. He loves to write about economics, e-commerce, and business-related topics for students to assist them in their studies. That's the sole purpose of Business Study Notes.
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