Henri Fayol bestowed people with administrative responsibilities with 14 principles of management, which are still used as a guide to manage organizations. The following are 14 Principles of Management.
Fayols 14 Principles of Management
- Division of work
If the work is divided among employees, everyone will be specialized in that particular task. Specialization will make workers efficient and ultimately output will be increased.
Authority is the ultimate power to control and manage employees. Managers become able to order workers under them. It not only provides power to them, but makes them responsible as well.
It is obligatory for all employees to respect and follow the rules that are made to run the organization in a smooth way.
- Unity of Command
A group of employees should have only one supervisor, because multiple orders from different supervisors create confusion.
- Unity of direction
The entire staff of the organization should follow the same work plan in order to achieve the desired goal.
- Subordination of individual interests to the general interest
The interests of individuals or a group of workers should not be given preference over the general interest that runs the organization.
The remuneration should be adequate and equitable for all workers according to their services.
Decision making should be given to a higher management as subordinates can follow the orders easily.
- Scalar Chain
Every employee must be made clear that where he or she stands in the process of decision making, because it helps maintaining balance in the authority.
Every resource of the organization should be at its right place and used on the right time.
Managers must treat their subordinates with kindness and they should remain fair to all workers.
- Stability of tenure of personnel
Personnel planning should be given priority in order to tackle with employee turnover and there must be replacements available to fill vacant positions.
Employees who are responsible to start a task should be given appropriate freedom to take their decisions and carry out plans.
- Esprit de corps
The organization must take steps to promote the team spirit and unity this will help workers to carry out the tasks easily.
The classical view of management or classical management theory made it very clear and productive. On one hand scientific management defines how to increase productivity by performing the work better and on the other hand, bureaucratic management emphasis on the structure of the organization. Getting these two at the same time enables organizations to earn more benefit by clearly defined instructions and job descriptions.
Scientific management tells managers to divide tasks according to time-and-motion studies, while through bureaucratic management division of labor makes it clear for every employee that what he or she has to perform. On the other hand administrative management views also clear the distribution of jobs and responsibilities in step by step systematic manners, which allowed being on track always while analyzing the whole situation. Today, almost all organizations are following this classical view of management, because, they clearly defined the objectives and all operate under a hierarchy of positions and step by step process.