An organized learning experience, which is given in a limited time period, so that the job performance & growth can be improved, is referred as human resource development (HRD). Training is a component of human resource development in which special programs are designed to provide specified employees knowledge & skills that are helpful in performing various functions of the job. Here below are discussed the activities and methods of the human resource development along with its importance for HRM.
Human Resource Development Activities
Following are some of the activities that are include in the area of human resource development.
01- Training & Development
02- Organizational Development
03- Career Development
- Training & Development
Training is related with the provision of certain skills & knowledge that is helpful for the trainees to overcome their deficiencies of job performance. On the other hand development is related with the provision of certain skills to the employees so that the organization would use them in the future.
- Organizational Development
It is the application of knowledge of behavioral science in the organization so that strategies, processes & structures are improved through proper development & reinforcement.
- Career Development
Career development is defined as the assistance of the organization for the acquisition of the required knowledge & skills by the employees to perform current job as well as some future job effectively. The organization develops certain policies for its employees like promotion, opportunity to perform excellent in future & counseling the employees etc, so that the employees can develop their career. It includes knowledge, skills, experiences, reinforcement & behavior modification techniques that make employees to perform better and add value.
Human Resource Programs
Human resource programs are classified into the following three kinds.
The employees receive the training so that they can be potential enough to perform the duties of current job effectively.
The employees that are considered as potential & efficient enough to be promoted are given the training called education. Education is provided to the promoting employees so that they can perform well for a different job either in the upward level of hierarchy or in the lateral one.
In order to provide new viewpoint, technology or horizons, training is given to employees to make them proactive by fulfilling the expected performances by the organization.
Human Resource Development Methods
The ability of the employee can be developed though both on the job methods & off the job methods. Following are the detailed about these methods of human resource development.
- Job Rotation
In this method effort is made to increase the knowledge, skills & abilities of employees by moving them on different positions. Employees can be rotated both vertically & horizontally. Vertical rotation is also called promotion.
- Assistant to Position
Sometimes an efficient employee is moved under the supervision of a successful manager of the organization. In this way the abilities & skills of employees is groomed under the direction of successful manager so that the learning employees can be prepared for higher level duties.
- Committee Assignment
An employees can avail the opportunity of development through committee assignment by sharing the decision making process, by ascertain certain problem of organization and by watching others.
- Lectures & Seminars
It is the old method in which the lectures & seminars are arranged through which employees can get knowledge & develop their analytical & conceptual abilities.
Simulators are complex devices that can create artificial situation similar to real one. By creating duplicate of real situation, training is provided to employees by performing some tasks in the situation.
- Outdoor Training
Outdoor training is considered as one of effective methods of human resource development. Trainees are trained to work together in the form of team. In such case the main aim is to understand the response of employees when they face natural difficulties.
Preparation of Succession Plan Program
Succession plans includes the details of the job posts that are currently opened in the organization and the jobs that will post in near future. If the decision of management is to fill the positions from inside the organization, then training & development is required to make employees efficient enough for the promotion. If the management decides to fill the position from outside environment, then there is a need for careful analysis of the labor market so that qualified & potential replacement can be made.
Role of Line Managers in Human Resource Development
The line manager performs the following roles with respect to the human resource development.
- He gives the employee orientation training to the new employees.
- The training needs are assessed & resulting developmental strategies are planned by line manager.
- He is responsible for on the job training
- He ensures that proper training is transferred to the trainees.
The role HR department in human Resource Development
The HR department is directly involved in the human resource development in the organization by performing the following Functions.
- The employee orientation training is provided by the department.
- The preparation of management development programs are supported by the department.
- Proper training & development is proved to the needy employees by the department.
- The training is evaluated to ascertain the effectiveness of the training programs.
No doubt, Human Resource Development is an important area of an organization, which is held and managed by the HRM department of the organization. It is useless to say a lot of success of HRM depends on the HRD.